Public Street Injury Claims Guide – How To Claim Compensation For An Accident In A Public Street?

Public Street Accident Claims Guide

Public Street Accident Claims Guide

You might think, if you have an accident in a public street, that its just one of those things.  In fact, if the accident was caused by some form of negligence and you became injured, you might be able to claim compensation.  You might think that accidents in public places aren’t anybody else’s fault but there are many scenarios, that this guide will explain where accidents in the street could’ve been avoided and therefore, a personal injury claim might be possible.

In this article, we’ll cover all of the different scenarios and show how liability can be proven.  Please carry on reading for more advice on what to do should you be injured in a public street.

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A Guide To Claiming Compensation For An Accident In A Public Street

While an accident in a public street might look quite funny for an onlooker, they’re anything but.  Some accidents can lead to very serious injuries which might require surgery to repair.   Some accidents and injuries in public places are so serious that the victim never fully recovers and is left with pain or disability for the rest of their life.

It’s only right then that a victim might want to claim compensation for their injuries.  This is sometimes possible if the accident was caused by some form of negligence.  We’ll provide information on when you could make a claim within this article and we’ll cover much more besides.

If you want to know answers to questions such as “Can I sue the council for tripping?” or “Can you sue someone for falling on their property?” then keep reading as we’ll cover these scenarios too.  You’ll even find information about the amounts of compensation you might receive for any injuries.

Compensation claims for accidents in public places can be tricky to prove.  You can do so yourself, but we believe having expert help on your side is a better option.  Therefore, at the end of this article, we’ve provided links to a few recommended personal injury lawyers.

If you need any further information, we can be contacted here.

What Are Public Street Accidents?

Accidents in a public place or an accident in a public street are those where a victim is injured because of an accident which was caused by some form of negligence.  This could be by the local council, its employees or a private landowner responsible for the public space.

This might be a slip or trip injury caused by a broken paving slab, a pothole or a missing kerbstone.  We’ll provide more detailed information about the types of accidents later on.

Any injury caused by a negligent act, whether intentional or not, could lead to a personal injury claim.  There are scenarios where claims won’t be possible which we’ll explain in more detail too.

Personal Injury Claims Calculator For Accidents In A Public Street

So, if you’re considering making a claim for an accident in a public place, you probably want to know how much compensation you could be awarded.  Lawyers, courts and insurers don’t have a magic personal injury claims calculator but use a system known as the Judicial College Guidelines (JCG, currently in its 14th edition).

The JCG provides lawyers with figures for each type of injury and categorises them from minor to severe, with the compensation adjusted accordingly.  The table below outlines some injuries and their compensation amounts:

Injury SeverityCompensationInformation / Notes on payment amounts
FootMinor to very severeUp to £96,150This range includes a wide range of injuries from very simple soft tissue damage or through to complete loss of the entire foot at the severe end of the spectrum
Leg Minor to severeUp to £119,210This range includes a wide range of injuries from soft tissue damage and then through to an injurt which leaves the victim with a permenant disability.
Toe Moderate to severeUp to £49,180This range includes a wide range of injuries from bruisning and soft tissue damage and through to amputation of all of the toes at the severe end.
AnkleMinor to severeUp to £61,110This range includes a wide range of injuries from sprains, bruising and strains through to injuries that cause complete and permenant loss of function.
Hand Minor to seriousUp to £54,280This range includes a wide range of injuries from soft tissue damage and bruising then through to loss of use of the hand for the long term.
Wrist Minor to severeUp to £52,490This range includes a wide range of injuries from brusing, strains and soft tissue damage and then on to complete and permanent loss of the function.
ArmModerate to severeUp to £114,810This range includes a wide range of injuries from painful injuries that will heal eventually, to permenant damage to the arm causing paralysis.
ThumbMinor to severeUp to £48,080This range includes a wide range of injuries from very simple soft tissue damage and on to complete amputation of the thumb at the severe end.
FingerMinor to severeUp to £32,210This range includes a wide range of injuries from strains, bruising and soft tissue damage through to amputation of one or more fingers.
BackMinor to severeUp to £141,150This range includes a wide range of injuries from sprains to injuries which cause restricted movement are painful while healing.
NeckMinor to severeUp to £130,060This range includes a wide range of injuries from soft tissue damage through to injuries which cause loss of movement and permanent pain.

The list isn’t conclusive, it’s just a sample of injuries.  If you want to know how much compensation you’ll get for a specific injury, either contact us or speak to a personal injury lawyer (details can be found at the end of this article).

Can I Claim Compensation For Financial Losses?

In short, the answer to this question is ‘Yes’.  When public injury claims are submitted, they can include any financial loss that the victim has incurred because of the accident.

Examples of what can be included in a claim include:

  • General Damages: Compensation awarded for pain and suffering caused by the injuries.
  • Medical Costs: The costs of prescription medicines, over the counter treatments and private healthcare costs can be considered.
  • Care Costs: Any professional care that the victim requires while recovering may be recovered as part of the claim.
  • Travel Costs: If the victim has to change their travel arrangements while recovering, they might be able to claim any additional costs back.
  • Damage to Personal Property: If items of personal property are damaged during an accident, a mobile phone screen being cracked for instance, then the cost of repairing or replacing the item could be included in a claim.
  • Loss of Earnings: Importantly, if the victim of an accident needs any time off work, either to recover or attend medical appointments, they could be eligible to claim for any lost income. 

The financial aspects of a compensation claim are known as ‘Special Damages’.  Claimants won’t gain from special damages, they are designed to return them to the same position, financially, as they were before the accident happened.  To help prove claims for financial losses, receipts or bank statements would usually be provided as evidence.

Liability For Accidents In The Street

Most public streets in the UK are managed and maintained by local councils. If there is damage to street, which causes you to become injured, then the council would probably be liable for your injuries.

In other scenarios, the landowner would usually liable, if you were entitled to be on their land.  The owner of any public place, which means a place where you are entitled to be (i.e. not trespassing), has a duty of care to ensure the safety of anybody on their land.

This might be in a public park, a car park or a supermarket car park.  When an accident occurs, you should write down the location.  A personal injury lawyer might need to investigate who has responsibility to maintain the public space.

Claims Against Councils And Local Authorities

Public accident claims against the local council can be made, usually by a lawyer, to compensate the injured party.  The council will only be liable for the injuries if they have been negligent in some way.  This could be through lack of maintenance, a mistake or failing to act on a defect they had been aware of amongst other things.

Current guidelines state that the council should respond to a claim within 40 business days.  This doesn’t mean your claim will be settled within 40 days.  At this point they’ll either deny or admit being liable for the accident.  If they admit liability, the complex part of the claim is trying to come to an agreement about the level of compensation they’ll award.  Ultimately, this could end up in court but is usually settled amicably.

It’s worth remembering, proving liability is your job (or your lawyer’s).  If you can’t demonstrate how the council caused your accident, they won’t admit anything.  We cover steps you can take, following accidents in a public place, to help make your claim easier.

Could A Shop Be Liable For You Accident In A Public Street?

Determining the liability for an accident outside of a shop can be tricky to prove.  Even if you’re sure the accident, which led to your injuries, was caused by somebody else, who do you make the claim against?

Some shops have a responsibility for the land directly outside their shop, all the way to the kerb.  Some have responsibility up to a certain distance from their shop, and some have no responsibility at all.

You may be able to investigate liability for the accident yourself, but a personal injury lawyer will have more experience, and more legal clout, to ascertain responsibility much sooner.  We recommend you seek expert compensation claim advice in such cases and ensure you are offered a no win no fee type service before proceeding.

Liability When Shops Or Businesses Block Streets

If the council is determined to have responsibility for land outside of a shop or business, but the owners of the business have obstructed the street, who is to blame for an accident?

Often shops place signs outside of their shops to advertise the fact they’re open, or pubs might put chalkboard menus on the street.  Another example of blocking the street is when a shop parks it’s delivery lorry on the path illegally or unloads a legally parked van and places the delivery on the path.

In all of these scenarios, it could be argued that, if somebody was injured because of the blockage, then the business owner would be liable rather than the council who maintain the street or path.  In fact, the council would probably put this defence forward if you tried to claim against them.

Again, in these scenarios, speak with a lawyer to avoid being pushed from pillar to post when trying to ascertain who to claim against.

Potential Causes Of An Accident In A Public Street

Here are some examples of the causes of common accidents in public places:

  • Any paving stone, manhole cover or kerb stone which is damaged, uneven, loose, wobbly or raised can cause a pedestrian to trip.
  • Pipes or cables which are broken or protruding on to the path.
  • Advertising or another object blocking the street.
  • Subsidence underneath paving slabs, or concrete subsidence.
  • Potholes.
  • Slippery pathways due to ice or snow.
  • Spillages in areas such as car parks which should’ve been cleaned, or warning signs placed to highlight the risk.

All of these examples could lead to a compensation claim if they were the cause of an accident which led to injuries.

Slips Trips And Falls In The Street

Slips, trips and falls are some of the most common accidents which happen in public streets.  Not every slip would automatically mean you’re eligible for compensation but where liability can be proven for the accident and your injuries, you may be entitled to claim compensation.

Here are some common reasons for slips, trips and falls on a public street:

  • Ice or snow which hasn’t been cleared away.
  • Raised or uneven paving.
  • Potholes.

As discussed earlier, in any of these scenarios, you might be able to claim compensation against the local council or landowner.

While slips and trips sometimes look like trivial accidents, they can lead to very serious injuries including those which require surgery to rectify. Some common injuries caused by slipping or falling in the street include:

  • Head injuries including concussion.
  • Back injuries.
  • Ligament and muscle damage.
  • Soft tissue damage.
  • Broken or fractured bones.
  • Bruising.
  • Cuts and lacerations.

If you’re injured, you should seek medical assessment as soon as possible.  Especially in the case of head injury cases as not all symptoms are immediate.  We’ll cover what else you should do, following an accident, later on.

Faulty Or Broken Streets And Pavements

As mentioned previously, damage streets and pavements can cause pedestrians to slip or trip and cause injuries.  But what sort of damage to a pavement could cause accidents?

  • Potholes: Potholes are very common on roads and on some tarmac pathways too.  They’re caused by water seeping under the surface and turning to ice later which causes the concrete or tarmac to crumble.  The pothole is then worsened by foot or road traffic passing over it.
  • Damaged or missing kerb stones: These are very heavy stones used to create an edge to a path. They are not easy to dislodge but if they’ve not been fitted properly or hit by a lorry, bus or other heavy road vehicle they can become dislodged.
  • Raised paving slabs: When a path is laid, the paving is usually completely level.  Over time subsidence can cause the slabs to become uneven.  Also, when heavy items are dropped or pushed over the slabs, they can crack and become unlevel.  The higher up from the ground the slab protrudes, the bigger the trip hazard.
  • Broken street furniture: Over time, street furniture such as road signs, bins or seating become damaged and have to be removed.  Often this might leave a small piece of metal protruding from the hole in the ground to which they were secured. 

Any of these defects could become trip hazards or cause injuries if somebody falls onto them.  If the council has marked them for repair (usually with spray paint), it means they were aware of the problem but haven’t yet got around to repairing it.  This may help with proving liability to try to photograph the fact it’s been highlighted.

I Was Hurt In A Accident In The Street, What Should I Do?

As mentioned earlier, if you do decide to make a personal injury claim, using a lawyer or going it alone, there are several steps you could take at the time which could help make the claim easier.  These include:

  • Visit a doctor: By doing so, you’ll receive treatment for your injuries and medicines to treat any infection or pain. At the same time, medical records will be recorded which could be used as evidence when making a claim.
  • Report the accident: You should report the accident to the company responsible for the land it occurred on. They will log it in an accident report book (required by law) which you can use as evidence too.
  • Photograph the accident scene: Try to capture as much detail as you can prior to anything being cleared away or repaired.
  • Photograph any visible injuries. This can be used in conjunction with your medical records to support your claim
  • Ask any witnesses for statements and their contact details. A personal injury lawyer may want to make contact with them at a later date.

By taking these steps, a personal injury lawyer will have a lot of the evidence on which to base a claim.  It might seem time consuming, but it could make the difference between a successful or unsuccessful claim.

How Long Do You Have To Claim Compensation For An

Whether your accident happened on council property or on another landowner’s property, there is a personal injury claims time limit which must be adhered to.

The current time limits for beginning a claim are:

Type of Injury ClaimTime Limit
Personal injury claim against local council3 years
Claim against any other landowner3 years

We recommend you don’t leave claiming until the last minute.  A claim can take some time to collate, so it’s better to start sooner rather than later.  This will ensure there is enough time to gather supporting evidence, witness statement and expert medical evidence.

No Win No Fee Claims For An Accident In A Public Street

We’ve all heard the adverts for ‘No Win No Fee’ lawyers but how do they actually work?  Are they really free if the claim is unsuccessful?  Here are some details about no win no fee services versus paid services.

  • Paid for services
    When you engage a lawyer who doesn’t offer no win no fee, they’ll either tell you their fee for completing your claim or they’ll let you know their hourly rate. If they win the case, you’ll keep 100% of any compensation awarded by a judge or by agreement with the defendant.  If they lose the case though, you’ll have paid a substantial legal bill for no reason.
  • No Win No Fee Services
    A Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA or no win no fee agreement) states that if your lawyer loses your case, you don’t have to pay them. As well as this it states what their success fee will be if they win the case.The success fee is a percentage of your claim that is kept by the lawyer to pay for their services.  It’s limited to 25% of your compensation.  You used to keep 100% with no win no fee, and the defendant paid your lawyer, but the law on this has now changed. 

Although no win no fee means you lose a percentage of your compensation, it removes the risk of a large bill if you lose the case and have already paid your lawyer.  Making a claim is a lot less stressful, when using a no win no fee service, and reduces a lot of the risk involved with claiming too.

How To Begin A Claim For A Accident In A Public Street

We hope you’ve found this article about claiming for an accident in a public street useful.  If you have any further queries, you can contact us here.

If you do decide to go on to make a claim, here are some no win no fee lawyers that we’d recommend you contact:


For your information, we’ve provided some more useful articles below:

Road or Street Compensation Details – a useful tool, provided by the UK government, which advises which council is responsible for road in each postcode.

Claiming Against The Council – this is the website of Hammersmith and Fulham council which provides details of what information is required to make a claim.  We’ve covered the details in this article, but it clearly shows what is expected from any claimant.

Head Injuries and Concussion – a guide from the NHS about what to do in the event of a head injury.  Includes the symptoms associated with concussion and what to look out for.

Public Liability Claims Against The Council – This guide provides a detailed look at council liability for other types of accident.