Dog Bite In A Public Place Claims Guide – How To Claim Compensation For A Dog Bite?

By Daniel Fry. Last Updated On 22nd March 2022. On this page, you will find a guide to making a No Win No Fee compensation claim for a dog bite in a public place. Within this guide, you will learn about many of the common kinds

Dog Bite In Public Place

Dog Bite In Public Place

of claims that come about due to dog bites. You will also learn why you may be eligible to make your own claim, and why a third party may be liable to pay you compensation.


Once you have finished reading this guide, you might have some questions that it has not answered. If this is so, we would recommend that you speak to our claims team on 0800 408 7825 today. They will go over your claim with you and answer any outstanding questions you have about the claims process. You can also contact us through this website.

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A Guide To Claiming Compensation For A Dog Bite In A Public Place

This guide to making a claim for a dog bite injury, is intended to educate people about the process of starting a claim, and how best to proceed with this. After reading it, you should have enough information to start making properly educated decisions about your own case. This guide starts out by taking a brief look at what a dog bite claim is, and why you could be eligible to make such a claim.

In this part of the guide, we present a table that shows potential compensation ranges for common injuries caused by dog bites, and also a list of the kinds of damages you could be able to claim for.

The next part of this guide, goes over some of the legal and other considerations of such a claim. We explain some of the steps you can take if you are bitten by a dog, that will prepare the way for making a claim. We will also look at how the law works, related to dog bites, and also take a look at the Dangerous Dogs Act and the kinds of breeds this legal framework is applicable to.

The guide then moves on to look at specific kinds of dog bit claims. Each is covered in its own section, with examples of hazards that could lead to such a claim in the first place, as well as other pertinent information.

The final part of this guide sums up some other legal considerations, such as who might be liable to pay you compensation, and what a “litigation friend” is. Finally, we go over the reasons to use a claims service, to have your claim processed in a risk-free manner. However, you are going to need to be ready to start your claim within the personal injury claims time limit, which is generally three years. In some cases, this time limit can be different, so we would recommend to you that you speak to a solicitor to check the time limit for your own claim.

What Is A Dog Bite In A Public Place?

If you are injured in a public place by dangerous dogs, then it could be possible for you to make a compensation claim. However, in order to be eligible to make a claim, a third party will need to be at least partially responsible for the harm that you have suffered. This guide will cover the concept of liability in a later section.

I Suffered A Dog Bite In A Public Place, Can I Claim Compensation?

There are specific laws in place (again, covered below), to protect the public from dog attacks. These laws cover both restrictions on the kinds of dogs that can be kept, and also the ramifications for allowing a dog to attack a person. This guide will show how these laws can be leveraged, in a way that could enable you to make a claim.

Dog Bite In A Public Place, Personal Injury Claims Calculator

The table below shows potential ranges of compensation, that a personal injury solicitor could be able to help you claim for a dog bite. The amounts have been taken from a publication known as the Judicial College Guidelines (JCG). The JCG, along with medical evidence, are just two of the things that are used by legal professionals to help value your claim.

Injury Description Amount
Psychiatric damage (a) Severe £51,460 to £108,620
Post-traumatic stress disorder (b) Moderately severe £21,730 to £56,180
Male Reproductive System (a)(i) Total loss of reproductive organs In excess of £144,420
Neck (b)(i) Moderate £23,460 to £36,120
Shoulder (b) Serious £11,980 to £18,020
Arm (E) Amputation – (a) Loss of both arms £225,960 to £281,520
Arm (F)(a) Severe – short of amputation £90,250 to £122,860
Arm (d) Simple forearm fractures £6,190 to £18,020
Elbow (c) Moderate to minor Up to £11,820
Mental anguish (E) When the claimant thinks they may die or have their lifespan reduced £4,380

You may also be able to use some form of online personal injury claims calculator to get a rough estimate of the amount of compensation you could be able to claim.

Types Of Damages You Could Claim If Bitten By A Dog

When a solicitor is successful in processing public accident claims, the claimant will receive a settlement that could be made up of damages such as:

  • General damages (these compensate for physical harm):
    • General pain and suffering following the accident.
    • Long-term or permanent disabilities.
    • Psychological damage.
    • Mental trauma, shock and stress.
    • Painful treatment and recuperation.
  • Special damages (these compensate for financial and other losses):
    • The cost of hiring in-home care or home help.
    • Loss of earnings.
    • Private medical fees you had to pay.
    • Travel tickets and related expenses.

To find out the kinds of damages that could be claimable in your own case, we recommend that you speak to a personal injury lawyer.

Injuries Caused By Dog Bites In Public Places

Part of the answer to the question, can I get compensation for a dog bite? is that it will depend on a) whether a third party is liable, and b) whether you have suffered actual harm. Dog bites, even minor ones, can have serious additional health effects due to infection. Typically:

  • Streaky, red skin away from the bite.
  • Glands in the chin, armpits, groin or neck that are swollen.
  • Fever like sweats and chills.
  • A high fever.
  • Infected, pus-filled wounds.
  • Itchen, redness and swelling.

Symptoms such as these, on top of the actual lacerations themselves, could well be the basis of a claim.

What Should I Do If Bitten By A Dog In A Public Place?

If you are going to make a dog bite compensation claim, there are a number of steps you can take to both ensure you get the right care, and also prepare for making your claim. These could include:

  • You may wish to report a dog bite to the police. Especially if bitten by an aggressive, dangerous dog that was not being controlled effectively by its owner.
  • Take photographs of the wounds, and also the place the attack took place.
  • Speak to any witnesses to the attack, and ask them for their contact details.
  • Make sure you visit the hospital to have your wounds taken care of properly.

You can find more information on how to get the proper medical treatment for a dog bite at this link:

NHS information on dog bites

How Does The Dangerous Dogs Act Affect Your Claim?

In 1991, the Dangerous Dogs Act came into effect. It contains very strict rules about what happens if you are not controlling your dog in public. In 2014 these laws were changed, to also cover dogs on private property.

Under dog bite law in the UK, you would be in breach of the act if your dog either physically injures somebody, or causes them psychological trauma due to them fearing your dog will attack them.

When your dog attacks another dog (apart from a registered assistance dog), this is not a breach of the act, as long as the court does not rule that the owner of the other dog may have come to harm, trying to stop the attack on their dog. You can find more information about this at this link:

The Dangerous Dogs Act

Dangerous Or Banned Dog Breeds And Dangerous Dog Attacks

To answer the question, can a dog be put down for biting someone? the answer is yes. If the dog is deemed to be dangerously out of control, it can be put down. Additionally, if it is on the banned breeds list, it may also be put down, this includes:

  • Pit Bull Terrier
  • Japanese Tosa
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Brasileiro

If you are attacked by a dog that is on this list, and it has been kept illegally, you could be able to claim dog bite compensation.

The Law And Dog Bites

There are several UK dog laws, that all dog owners must comply with. The owner is responsible for ensuring that their dog is kept under control at all times. Every dog has to be registered, and the owner must make sure that the registered dog does not become a public nuisance. If the dog attacks a person either in a public place, or on private property, they will be held responsible. To answer the question, is it law to report a dog bite? No, it is not obligatory that you do so. However, in the interests of public safety, it would be preferred.

Stray Dog Bites In A Public Place

Claiming for a dog attack by a stray dog is problematic, as if you cannot find the owner, you cannot levy blame. However, in some cases, you may be able to make a claim against the third party responsible for the place you were attacked. For example, if you are bitten by a stray dog in a public park, you could potentially claim against the local authority, for failing to keep the park safe.

Dog Bites To A Child In A Public Place

As we mentioned in the previous section, the local authority is responsible for ensuring that public places such as the street, a public park, children’s playground, etc. are kept safe for use at all times. If you are attacked by a dog, either one that is clearly owned, or a stray, you may have grounds to make a claim against the council itself. A public injury claims solicitor will be able to advise you further.

Dog Bites In The Workplace

If you are bitten by a dog at work, your employer may have failed in their Health & Safety, or other regulatory obligations. When this happens, if it can be proven, this failure led to a dog attack, then it could be possible to make a claim against your employer.

Dog Bites Leading To Tetanus

One of the potential side effects of a dog bite is Tetanus. A disease that results in bacteria attacking the nervous system. This can lead to muscle contractions, cramps, and reduced breathing capacity. As long as a third party is some way to blame for your case of Tetanus, it could become the basis of a personal injury claim.

Who Do I Make A Dog Bite Injury Claim Against?

The simple answer to this question, is that you would claim against any third party that was responsible for allowing the attack to happen. This could be a private enterprise if the attack took place on their premises. In the case you would claim against their public liability insurance. It could also be the local council, as we explained in a previous section. You could also be able to make a claim against the dog’s owner.

Claiming Compensation On Behalf Of Another Person

If one of your children is attacked by a dog, and they are under the age of 18, you can act as their “litigation friend” and represent them in the claims process. You can also act as a litigation friend for anybody who suffers accidents in a public place and needs one; it doesn’t have to be a family member.

No Win No Fee Claims For Dog Bites In A Public Place

You may like to consider using a No Win No Fee claims service to have your claim processed. This would provide you with a financially risk-free way to seek compensation. There would be no fee to begin a claim, and no fee as the claim is processed. If the solicitor failed to win you any compensation, they wouldn’t charge a fee at all.

They would only charge once they have received a compensation payment for you. They would then take their fee from this payment, and pass you the rest.

How To Claim Compensation For A Dog Bite In A Public Place

Have you been bitten or attacked by a dog? Do you believe the dog was out of control, and that you have a valid reason to make a claim? If so, speak to our claims team on 0800 408 7825. They can help you to make claims incidents and accidents in public places such as dog bites and attacks.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Know What To Do If A Dog Bites You?

One of the most important initial steps following a dog bite is to seek medical attention. Some wounds may become infected, leading to further issues. It’s also possible to sustain bone fractures and other injuries to occur that will require treatment.

Then, you can report a dog to your council’s dog warden service following an attack. This way they can investigate the incident.

What Happens When A Dog Bite Is Reported In The UK?

This can begin an investigation into the incident. This is done not only to corroborate your story, but also so the risk of the same dog attacking someone else can be reduced.

If the attack was particularly vicious, then the owner could face a fine, prison time, and possibly even be banned from ever owning a dog in the future. It’s also possible that the dog who attacked you may be destroyed in an official capacity.

What To Do If a Dog Attacks Your Dog

It can be tricky to know what you are allowed to do in this scenario. However, under the Animal Welfare Act 2006, you are legally permitted to use reasonable force to stop your dog from coming to harm due to another dog.

If another dog attacks and/or kills your dog, then you may still be able to claim for the emotional distress of experiencing the situation. The same could be true of the other owner of the other dog if your dog bites another dog.

References And Additional Information

The links below should provide you with some additional useful information:

Other Claims We Could Assist With